Development of a 20-item Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire Short Form: Factorial confirmation, validity and reliability.
Ross B. Wilkinson, Jichun Hao

Mindfulness has become a prominent clinical and research interest in psychology and self-report measures of dispositional mindfulness, such as the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), have been widely adopted. While multiple short forms of the FFMQ have been developed, most are in languages other than English and few have had in-depth psychometric examinations. The current series of studies reports an independent confirmatory factor analysis of the FFMQ and the development of an English language, 20-item short form. The structure of the shortform was examined across multiple samples of university students (n= 939) and community members (n=508) and measurement invariance evaluated across age and gender. The Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire – Newcastle Short Form (FFMQ-NSF) was found to retain the factorial structure of the FFMQ while retaining appropriate convergent and discriminant validity and test-retest stability. Results indicate that the FFMQ-NSF may be an efficient tool to assess dispositional mindfulness and its aspects in a wide range of individuals.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jpbs.v9n2a1