Phenomenological and Humanistic Psychology: Formulating Adult Education Instructional System to Increase ESL Learners’ Autonomy
Hany Zaky

The acquisition of new knowledge and developing work habits are the optimal targets in classrooms; however, forming socially accepted attitudes and developing empathy are extremely important to instill responsible members in societies. The Adult Education Curriculum is not static due to the complexities of local, national, and international communities that demand curriculum designers and developers to have constant understanding of the cognitive theories and instruction formulations. Thence, Curriculum development can lead to required changes, manipulating a collection of procedures to meet the socio-psychological changes in community. How do we define the effective teacher’s sociocultural consciousness? is a daunting question raised by researchers for a long time. Given the complexity of this question, additional educational research is needed to define the classroom pedagogical goal that enhances the well- adjusted individuals through the cogent learning progression. The thrust of this present article is to look at the dynamics of using the Phenomenological and Humanistic theories as prominent psychological lenses not only to guide the work of curriculum developers but also to utilize proper instructions for productive ESL adult education classes.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jpbs.v6n2a6